Table of Contents
Jupiter-21M manufactured by the Vologda Optical Plant (VOMZ). The release of the lens by recording in the instruction manual – November 2008.Serial number 03005471, the lens model is engraved in Latin letters, looks like “Jupiter-21M 4/200”. The Jupiter-21M 200/4 lens, participating in the review, got in a new state. In 2008 it was purchased for 1,800 rubles.
Soviet photographic lens Jupiter-21M 4/200
Four-lens anastigmat. Coated optics. Equipped with an iris diaphragm. Designed for shooting distant and hard-to-reach objects, for reporter shooting from long distances, as well as a portrait lens. In addition to the options for connecting threads M39 × 1 / 45.2 and M42 × 1 / 45.5, there was also a version with a transitional frame for television cameras – Jupiter-21T (YUK-200T, late 1950s) and a special version of YK- 200K (start of development: 1969).
Diagram of the Soviet lens Jupiter-21M
Consists of 4 elements in 3 groups. The optical scheme was developed in 1957, type – four-lens anastigmat. The early version of the lens was called “Jupiter-21A” and, according to many user reviews, had the best sharpness characteristics.
Lenses “Jupiter” on the portal
Main technical characteristics of Jupiter-21M
Name: Jupiter-21M 200/4 Camera
mount: Threaded М42х1
Type: Standard, fixed
Body: Painted metal (steel, aluminum), values, apertures, focusing distances are engraved on the body and filled with paint
Cost: $ 30 in 2016 from hands
Lens groups: 3
Optical design: no data
Aperture blades: 8, brushed metal
Relative aperture: 1: 4.5
Aperture control: manual, control ring, push mechanism, AM switch
Aperture scale limits: 1: 4–1: 22
MDF (m): 2.4
Focal length (mm): 200
Viewing angle (degree): 12
Filter diameter (mm): 78
Dimensions (mm): 165mm length
Weight (g): 980
Jupiter-21M 4/200 in operation
The first thing that catches your eye is its size. And weight. And a lens hood. Metal, retractable. The hood hides in the case, while it sits loosely in it, and pops out with a slight shake. The weight of the lens is on the order of a kilogram, the body has the shape of a tube tapering to the mount connector.
Focusing Jupiter-21M 4/200
The focusing ring occupies a large area of the body, the ring travel is about 270 degrees, the travel is smooth. The rings are factory-formed for easy handling. The faces are triangular, seven faces per section. Wearing gloves, this solution is not satisfactory. With prolonged use with bare hands, it interferes somewhat: fingers get tired of deep working out of edges. The depth of field at the open aperture value of the Jupiter-21M 4/200 lens is very thin, so it is very problematic to focus on focus without having a “live image” mode in the camera or a screen with micro-wedges and raster in the optical viewfinder. The minimum focusing distance is 1.8 meters.
Aperture Jupiter-21M 4/200
The diaphragm is 8-blade, through the lilac coating of the objective lenses, the mechanism for driving the diaphragm blades is visible. This modification is equipped with a jumping (blinking) diaphragm, the manual and automatic mode switch has a large area, and the mechanism drive rod protrudes from the inside of the threaded mount. The diaphragm can be adjusted effortlessly by the ring following the focusing ring. Built-in fixation of aperture value selection. The fixation is rough, the meaning cannot be knocked down without some effort.
Aperture preset ring Jupiter-21M 4/200
There is no aperture preset, the decision is due to the presence of a “jumping” mechanism. The diaphragm is manually adjustable with the diaphragm drive switch in the “M” position. In “A” mode, the aperture will not close without acting on the pin of the lens drive mechanism.
Focus and iris operation
Aim at an object at an open aperture, close the aperture to the desired value, take a picture. On cameras with an automatic aperture drive, it is enough to set the aperture ring to the desired value, and the camera mechanics will close it to the set value just before the shutter is released.
Depth of field control
It is produced by the focusing ring, and the depth of field is adjusted by manually setting the aperture, with direct observation through the viewfinder.
Aberrations, bokeh Jupiter-21M 4/200
During processing, a slight distortion of color rendition is noticed, which I call in a simple way: the warm lampiness of old photos. We can say that the lens, like most old Soviet (and not only) glasses, “has a built-in light filter.” A bigger problem is the disease of intolerance to back and side light – the drop in contrast is pronounced, although it is removed in most cases, without problems, in graphic editors, or by cropping the light before releasing the shutter.
According to the classics of Soviet lens building, Jupiter-21M draws halos on contrasting transitions. Lost at f / 5.6.
Of course, the optics of old schemes will bother owners of full-frame cameras with vignetting at the corners of the frame at an open aperture. However, an experienced photographer will be able to remove the vignette during post-processing in the same Lightroom or Photoshop. On a cropped camera, this vignetting effect, as such, was not observed.
Sharpness, contrast, color
The sharpness is considered satisfactory for use on cameras with a large pixel size. On more modern ones with high density, there may be problems in the form of soap and shake. Metering the exposure of the Canon EOS 300D does not go crazy with this lens, the correction is minimal, and is solved by shifting upward by a third of a stop.
The lens can be used with the M42 K-1 2x converter. At the same time, the resolution of the optics of the lens is sufficient to provide high-quality image transmission to the matrices of modern DSLRs. I used the K-1 converter to take this photo of the Moon. It worked out pretty well considering it’s taken off hand.
When using this lens at this focal length to shoot the moon, you can see hot air currents in the frame. The moon, as the brightest object in the frame, is framed by a purple halo of chromatic aberration without processing. However, when you stop down to f / 8, this is removed. But it doesn’t add to the convenience of handling the lens.
Jupiter-21M 4/200 case and build quality
Steel body, matt black painted. The focusing distance and aperture position are in yellow and white, respectively; on engraving. DOF scale – green. Surprisingly, on this lens, the focusing distance markings do not differ from the real ones. “Overflights” and “undershoots” at extreme values were not noticed. The lens kit includes a box, a leatherette tube, an instruction manual and the lens itself with covers.
Advantages of Jupiter-21M 4/200
- Cheap telephoto lens
- High-quality picture
- Built-in “light filter” tint photos on the fly
- Common mount M42x1
- Metal case
- Built-in hood
- Good value for money. For the price of Jupiter-21M, you are unlikely to find a lens of this focal length (from modern ones)
Disadvantages of Jupiter-21M
- Sufficiently dark lens, maximum open aperture of only f / 4. However, many modern telephoto lenses have exactly the same working aperture. Therefore, this fact will be a stretch at a stretch.
- Manual focus lens, fully mechanical. The lens does not report any data to the camera, so there may be exposure problems on some cameras
Use on digital cameras
The easiest way to shoot is in Aperture Priority (Av) mode, when the camera adjusts the required shutter speed based on the current aperture value and the light in the frame. To work on digital cameras, you need an adapter from the M42x1 threaded connection to your camera. Jupiter-21M is easiest to install on Canon EOS with EF (-s) mount, because of the insignificant difference in focal lengths. Adapters without focus confirmation chips on Canon are cheap.
By ordering adapters using the links below, you help the project cover the costs of site maintenance and development. List of adapters, systems and mounts (direct links for ordering):
- Canon EF / EF-S adapter M42-Canon EOS (no chip or with chip ).
- Canon EF-M adapter M42- Canon EF -M .
- Nikon DX / FX as well as Fujifilm and Kodak with Nikon F mount M42-Nikon F adapter with and without lens .
- Nikon 1 adapter M42-Nikon 1 .
- Pentax K adapter the M42-Pentax K .
- Pentax Q adapter M42-Pentax Q .
- Sony / Minolta A M42-Sony A adapter ( without or with a chip ).
- Sony NEX and Sony Alpha E-mount adapter M42-Sony E (M42-Sony Nex) .
- Four Thirds, aka 4/3 (Olympus, Panasonic) M42-4 / 3 adapter
- Micro Four Thirds – Olympus, Panasonic, Kodak, Xiaomi with Micro 4/3 mount (Micro 4: 3) M42-Micro 4/3 adapter .
- For cameras with Fujifilm X mount, M42-Fuji X adapter .
- Samsung NX M42-Samsung NX adapter .
- Leica M adapter M42-L / M .
- To mount the adapter Leica T M42-L / T .
When ordering, it should be borne in mind that cheap adapters of poor quality with a lens on the Nikon F mount significantly spoil the picture. Adapters without a lens reduce the maximum focusing range (due to the difference in focal lengths). Adapters with chips come across of poor quality, exposure metering and confirmation of focus on some models of cameras may suffer from this.
I liked working with Jupiter-21M. Soft in focus, precise switching between aperture values. The picture is good, and even catching the light in the frame, the result was pleasing – together with the “automatic toning” of the photos, we got warm lamp frames. I hope you enjoy the Jupiter-21M review. Do you have any experience or feedback about Jupiter-21M? Please in the comments.
Sample photos and videos
Sample video, Jupiter-21M